Sathya Sai Baba On Rama & Ramayana:
|Ramaayana in Your Heart|
Ramayana cannot be described| |Ramayana is gone
through in every one's Life| |True
Nature of Rama| |Rama
never deviated from Dharma| |Make Rama your Aathma Rama| |The Ramayana is the
very form of the Vedas| |Power of destroying sins|
Rama Navami-18 April
Send E-Greeting Card : Rama Navami
|1.Materilazation of Jewels belonging to
the time of Rama - Pic| |2. The
Kanayazhi Ring, which was sent to Mother Sita through Hanuman -pic| |3. Materilazation of the pearl necklace
that Sita gifted to Hanuman - pic|
Shirdi Sai Baba:
Ramnavami At Shirdi Sai Baba's time:
The Ramayana A
"Telling" of the Ancient Indian Epic |A game of chess|
was born on the ninth day of the month
of Chitra, hence we celebrate his birthday as a 'Navami'. Indian
mathematicians and philosophers see nine as a magical number. Planets in
our solar system are also nine, as are the main forms of goddess Durga and
the ways of bhakti - devotion. Let us consider why we celebrate
Rama-Navami, by considering nine of Lord Rama's great characteristics /
" Actions speak louder than Words " was Rama's chief motto. He embodied
all the virtues by practising what he preached. More than his divine
powers, his glorious heritage or his incredible prowess was his
unblemished, untarnished, irreproachable character. His popularity,
bravery, courage in face of all adversities, kindness, sense of justice,
obedience, intelligence, limitless patience, boundless compassion and
steadfast following of duty / "dharma" have endeared him to countless
generations of Hindus and non-Hindus alike.
1) Popularity :- To lay claim to the title of " Idol / Hero ", one should
be popular with the people. Kings and politicians soon loose their popular
appeal with loss of power. Popular idol/ hero rules in the hearts and
minds of the ordinary people. Rama achieved this by his innate
characteristics of charm, kindness, openness, generosity and a real
willingness to listen to other's problem. Everyone in Ayodhya felt they
could approach Rama with their problems. Rama was known to find swift,
realistic and just answers for every one. His aura, charm and charisma
made every one relax and feel happy in his presence.
2) Bravery :- It is essential for a " Idol / Hero " to be brave. It is not
enough to be popular if you can not achieve anything concrete. Rama fought
for his people in the battle field as well as the Royal Court of Ayodhya.
He stood his ground in all adversities and fought for the cause of
righteousness. Being adventurous, Rama took his exile as a great challenge
to explore new frontiers. Even in the jungles He fought for the rights of
the oppressed. To be brave means to face danger with open eyes. Knowing
his enemies strong points aswell as the weaknesses, Rama sought to rid the
society of those who threatened to undermine it.
3) Kindness :- This is one of Rama's major attribute. He taught mankind
how to be kind aswell as brave. Ravan was brave but had a cruel heart.
This eventually corrupted him and made him a villain. Bravery should be
tempered by a kind and gentle heart, so that the God given powers of
strength are not misused. Power, success, wealth and popularity can easily
go to one's head and soon corrupt the good intentions one begins with.
Rama never let this happen as his prowess was always tempered by a kind
and gentle soul.
4) Justice :- Kindness and generosity of heart should not border on to
being gullible. Rama's kindness was tempered by his love for justice. He
was always just and fair. Seeing where kindness or punishment is due, Rama
delivered it accordingly. In his kingdom, every one had the constitutional
right to approach the King with their grievance. Always in keeping with
the spirit of justice, Rama installed Vali's son on the throne of
Kishkindh and Ravan's brother on the throne of Lanka. He never coveted
anything that belonged to others and inspired love for justice in his
people with his own actions.
5) Obedience :- Most famous attribute of Rama was his obedience and
loyalty to his parents, guru and the subjects. Rama sought to keep his
father's promise and willingly accepted fourteen years of exile. If Rama
himself disregarded his King and father's wish, what sort of example would
that set for the future generations? To teach obedience, one should
6) Intelligence :- Obedience should always be tempered by intellect.
Obedience should not be slavish. Dasharath ordered Rama to take the
kingdom by force, imprison him and if necessary call on the army to
support him. But Rama refused such suggestions. To break an oath / promise
is a sin but to suggest covert ways of escaping the oath would be a
greater sin. He always obeyed by considering what would be right, proper
and good for his people. Rama asked his father, " If a drunk parent or
guru should order the child or disciple to cremate them, should such an
order be carried out? Of course not. Orders given by a clouded mind can
not and should not be obeyed. Sometimes it is far better to obey the
spirit of the order than the order it self. "
7) Patience :- Intelligent people should be patient in order to earn
people's love. Often the intellectuals become impatient with the dull
witted. Rama had a great virtue of being gentle and understanding even
with the uneducated jungle dwellers. Often the intelligent become angry
with people who can't see as far ahead as they can. Rama endured his exile
with legendary patience. When he came to the Southern tip of India, He was
patient with the Ocean. Rama knew that a single arrow from his bow could
achieve his purpose, but He decided to show respect for the Heavenly Gods
and waited for their answer. Though capable of building a bridge of
arrows, He let the monkeys build a bridge so they too could be satisfied
with their war efforts.
8) Universal Love :- Rama's love for all creatures great and small helped
him win over the hearts of rich and poor, strong and weak, scholars and
villagers alike. Rama's love was universal and boundless. Even Ravan, his
mortal enemy, received Rama's grace. Vali was also convinced of Rama's
love and was liberated from the eternal cycle of birth and rebirth. Rama's
gentleness was legendary and so even the uncivilised jungle dwellers came
to him with out any apprehensions. Rama's love and compassion make him an
ideal for all time.
9) Being Dutiful :- Rama was forever aware of his duty - " Dharma ", and
followed it un-nerveingly. All his above characteristics were tempered by
desire to follow that which is right. Rama was never blind in his love.
Considering duty to be above all else, even life, Rama followed dharma -
duty, to the very last. Though he had boundless loved for his wife, He
abandoned her for the common moral good of his subjects. Rama followed his
duty as a son, brother, husband, prince, king, friend, and father at all
times. Regardless of personal cost / grief, Rama sacrificed everything in
the pursuit of Dharma, duty.
It is these qualities which have endeared Him to world's multitudes rather
than his good looks or great wealth. Physical beauty wanes with time,
money is soon spent, fame is soon forgotten but generous deeds, great
character and boundless compassion endure for all time. His wish to do
good for the people, even at personal suffering endeared him to the people
more than elaborate speeches or ceremonies. His personal conduct spoke
louder than mere words of philosophy.
Such is the glory of his memory that even now people invoke " Rama Rajya "
as the ideal, utopian system. It gave a democratic monarchy to the people.
A system in which even the most humble may voice their opinion and be
noticed. In Rama Rajya there were no criminals or oppressors and no one
was ever oppressed. Every one had equal rights, justice was available to
all. Taxes were not excessive and every one had work to occupy them. Rama
had assured his people peace and plenty because as a King he served his
people rather than be served by them. Where a ruler has all of the above
characteristics, people can still enjoy Rama Rajya.
It is the ideal of self-less service which has made Rama one of the
greatest idol / hero of all time. On Rama-Navami we fast till noon in
anticipation of Rama's birth and not as a penance. After his birth at
mid-day, people celebrate by dancing and singing auspicious songs. Let us
celebrate Rama-Navami by following His ideal standards. By following these
in his life, Rama has shown that it is possible to aspire for greatness
and " ideal life ".
auspicious Ramnavami day take a firm resolve that you will repeat Ram-Nam
with every breath and that you will endeavour to lead a righteous life.
one of the most important festivals of the Vaishnava sect of the Hindus.
However, even those who adore Lord Shiva celebrate the occasion. Some
observe a strict fast on the day. Temples are decorated and the image of
Lord Rama is richly adorned. The holy Ramayana is read in the temples. At
Ayodhya, the birthplace of Sri Rama, a big fair is held on this day.
India the Sri Ramnavami Utsavam is celebrated for nine days with great
fervour and devotion.
talented in the art of story-telling narrate the thrilling episodes of the
Ramayana. The Kirtanists chant the holy Name of Rama and celebrate the
wedding of Rama with Sita on this great day. It is an extremely colourful
ceremony, highly inspiring and instructive, too.
is celebrated for nine days as follows:
seekers do as much Japa as possible. The sacred Mantras Om Sri Ramaya
Namah or Om Sri Ram Jai Ram Jai Jai Ram are chanted.
read the whole of the Ramayana, either the Sanskrit version of Sage
Valmiki or the Hindi version of Saint Tulsidas, during these nine days.
cannot recite the entire epic may read this single verse which contains in
a nutshell the story of the Ramayana:
"Formerly, Sri Rama went to the forests, where Rishis did penance, and
killed the illusive deer. Sita was carried away and Jatayu was killed.
Rama met Sugriva, killed Vali and crossed the ocean. The city of Lanka was
burnt by Hanuman. The demons, Ravana and Kumbhakarna, were then killed.
Thus is recited the holy Ramayana".
greet one another with "Sri Ram" or "Jai Ram-ji-ki".
4. Those who have adopted Lord Rama as their favourite Deity observe a
fast, taking only milk and fruit for all the nine days. Some fast only on
the Ramnavami day itself
5. On the final or Ramnavami day, there is a grand worship of Lord Rama in
the gorgeously decorated temple. All the Vedic rituals including
Laksharchana are performed.
6. A havan is also performed.
7. From four in the morning to late at night, there is Ram and Ram alone
8. Leaflets, booklets and books relating to Lord Rama are distributed.
9. Special meetings are held in the evening at which discourses on the
life and teachings of the Lord are delivered.
10. Earnest seekers take resolves to accelerate their spiritual progress.
seekers! Time is fleeting. Know the value of time. Time is most precious.
Utilise every second profitably. Do not procrastinate. Abandon all idle
gossiping. Forget the past. Live every moment of your life for the
realisation of the divine ideal and goal. Unfold your latent faculties.
Grow, evolve and become a superhuman or a dynamic Yogi. Struggle hard and
reach the goal of life.
May you all
attain the final beatitude of life through intense devotion towards Lord
Rama! May you live immersed in the ecstasy of divine love! May Sri Rama
who is as effulgent as a million suns and who is adored by the gods and
devotees, protect you all! May the blessings of Lord Rama
be upon you all!
By Swami Sivananda
Excerpted from "Hindu Fasts &
Festivals" (WWW Edition: 2000) © The Divine Life Trust Society
Raamaayana in Your Heart
The vehicle of human life is drawn on two
wheels by the senses which are driven by Buddhi (intellect), with Viveka
and Vairaagya (discrimination and detachment) as the reins, the two wheels
being the Kaala Chakra and the Karma Chakra (the wheels of time and
action). The spokes of the wheel are the rules of Dharma, bound by the rim
of Prema. The self is the rider and he will not come to harm if the axle
is Sathya and the goal is Shaanthi.
Raama, whose birthday, Raamanavami, you are
celebrating today was the exponent of the means of saving the self in this
perilous journey from birth to birthlessness. Raama is the embodiment of
Dharma; that is why He was able to re-establish Dharma. Today is a sacred
day because you get the chance to recapitulate the glory of God and His
relationship with man. As a matter of fact, if you go deeper into the
Raamaayana, you will find that Raama is the universal Aathma, the Aathma
in every being. He did not come down to kill the Raakshasa ruler, Raavana;
he is not the son of Dasaratha or of Kausalya; nor is He the husband of
Seetha, weeping for her loss and gladdened by reunion.
On the day when Raama was crowned emperor at
Ayodhya, every personage got some present or other before leaving the
city. Hanumaan alone refused any material gift. He asked Raama to explain
to him the mystery of His life, which he had failed to understand inspite
of the length and loyalty of his service. Raama then asked Seetha to slake
the thirst of Hanumaan and reveal to him the secret of their careers.
Seetha announced that she was the Muula Prakrithi (the primal nature), the
Maayaa Shakthi (the energy which agitates in all matter), which transforms
and transmutes it into all this variety that binds and blinds; the
Raamaayana, she said, was nothing but the play she designed.
Raamaayana cannot be described
Raama is the eternal, unchanging Purusha
(spirit). The Aathma in every being is Raama; hence the name Aathmaaraama.
Raama is eternal and so the Raamamanthram is said to have been taken by
Shiva Himself. Raama means that which showers Aanandha (bliss), that is
all. Now, what can give greater Aanandha than the Aathma? Raama is
Aanandham and He is Aathmaaraama, the Aanandham in your inner
consciousness. You can understand the Raamaayana only if you keep this
aspect in view. Orange has a form and a name; when you squeeze it and take
the juice, the form is gone and the name, orange, too is gone. The taste
alone remains. The sweetness, the flavour, the essence, these alone are
experienced. It cannot be exactly described. It is beyond any vocabulary.
Hanumaan understood from Seetha the formless, nameless, sweetness of
Raama, the Purusha, accepts Prakrithi, Seetha,
and enacts the play, Raamaayana Seetha is Brahma-chaithanya,
(consciousness) for Prakrithi or Maaya activates the pure existence of
Brahman. Now see what happens! Brahmajnaana (knowledge of supreme reality)
is lost and Raama wanders about in the jungle, wailing for Her. Of course,
Lakshmana or Manas (mind) is always with Him, for Manas is the instrument
with which liberation has to be achieved. Vaali is the spirit of despair
and he has to be overcome with the help of discriminatory wisdom or
Viveka, viz., Sugreeva.
Raamaayana is gone
through in every one's Life
You see, it is Viveka that sends emissaries to
the various corners to discover where Brahmajnaana is available. Hanumaan
is courage. Courage won through unflinching faith, that alone can
penetrate the darkness and bring the good news of the dawn. Then Raama
crosses the sea of illusion; He destroys the demon of Thamoguna (quality
of inertia), namely, Kumbhakarna; the demon of Rajoguna, (emotional
quality) namely Raavana; and He instals on the throne, the Sathwaguna
(quality of goodness), Vibheeshana. After this, Raama meets and receives
Seetha, who has become now Anubhavajnaana (knowledge derived from
experience), not merely Brahmajnaana. That is represented by the
The Raamaayana is therefore not a story that
had an end. In each one's life there is a Raamaayana being gone through:
in the Gunas, the Indhriyaas (the senses), the search and the Saadhana.
Raama is the son of Dasharatha - he of the ten chariots. What do you think
are these ten chariots? They are the senses, the five Karmendhriyaas
(sense organs of action) and the five Jnaanendhriyaas (organs of
perception). Sathya, Dharma, Shaanthi and Prema are the four sons; of
which Raama is Sathya; Bharatha is Dharma; Lakshmana is Prema and
Sathrughna is Shaanthi. Take as your ideals these great characters
depicted in the Raamaayana. You will see how your life is filled with
peace and joy if only you dwell with these ideals. The Raamaayana in the
heart is to be experienced; not investigated as a mental phenomenon. As
you go on reading and ruminating, the inner meaning will flash on you when
the mind is cleansed by the elevating ideas therein. Do not exaggerate the
importance of things that have but material utility; they fade, even while
you grasp them by the hand. Search for the Sath - that which suffers no
change. Search for the Chith - the state of consciousness, which is
unaffected by gusts of passion, which is pure, which is free from egoism
or the desire to possess. Then alone can you experience the light, and
illumine the path for others. Search for Aanandha, the Aanandha that
emanates from Prema, love with no blemish of attachment. Be like bees
hovering on the flower of the glory of the Lord, sucking the sweet nectar
of grace, silently and joyfully.
Discourse of Sathya Sai Baba, Rama
Navami, Shaanthi Kuteer, 25 April 1961
True Nature of Raama
Dharma (virtue) is not a matter of time and
space, to be modified and adjusted to the needs and pressures of the
moment. It means a number of fundamental principles that should guide
mankind, in its progress towards inner harmony and outer peace. When man
strays away from Dharma, he meets with greater harm than even physical
slavery. There is a dread now about invasion and bondage to the enemy if
you are not alert enough and united enough. But the loss of Dharma is an
even greater calamity, for what is life worth if man cannot live up to the
talents he is endowed with?
These principles are called Sanaathana
(eternal), because their origins are not dated, their author is not
identifiable; they are the revelations made in the clarified intellects of
impartial sages. They are basic and eternal. They do not represent
temporary vagaries. India stood unshaken and undaunted against the
onslaught of attitudes that were bred in other lands to suit the needs of
limited societies, because she stuck to the Dharma that was laid down for
all time and all men. Indian rulers also respected the rigours of Dharma
and took the advice of the repositories of Dharma and the interpreters of
Dharma, those who were purified in the crucible of Thapas. They recognised
the Ruler of Rulers, and sought His guidance by prayer and penance. They
knew that their Prabu (master) was Sarvaantharyaamin (the eternal
indweller or onlooker). They were taught that He was in full sympathy, not
only with the king but even with the lowliest of his subjects. Therefore,
the rulers of this land were warned to care for the happiness and cure the
misery of every single individual in the State.
The Divine is an indivisible Entity
Dharma is the code of conduct which will
promote the ideals of each stage of man - learner, householder, earner,
master, servant, Saadhaka, Sanyaasi, etc. When the code is distorted and
man undermines his earthly career, forgetting the high purpose for which
he has come, the Lord incarnates and leads him along the correct path.
That is to say, He comes as Man, to restore the principles and
re-establish the practice of Dharma. This is what is referred to as
Dharmasamsthaapana in the Geetha. Among these forms assumed by the Lord,
there is no higher or lower, though Pandiths may argue who is better or
greater among, say, Raama or Krishna! That is but a type of intellectual
gymnastics, which gives the Pandiths the keen joy of a pugilistic
encounter! Veerabhadhra Shaasthry has posed a similar problem now. Let me
tell you at the outset that the divine is an indivisible entity, whatever
form it may assume, here or elsewhere.
Raama never deviated from Dharma
Raama appeared as Maayaa-maanusha-ruupa
(illusory human form); He stuck to Dharma in daily practice, even from His
infancy. He is the personification of Dharma. There is no trace of Adharma
(vice) in him. His divine nature is revealed in Shaantha guna (calm
temperament) and Karunaa rasa (feeling of love and affection); meditate on
Him and you are filled with Prema for all beings; dwell on His story and
you find all the agitations of your minds quietening in perfect calm. When
Thaataki, the female demon, had to be killed, He argued, hesitated and
desisted, until Sage Vishwaamithra convinced Him that she had to be
liberated from a curse by His own arrow. That is a sign of His Karuna
Raama never provoked another in order to
create a convenient excuse to destroy him; on the other hand, He gave the
adversary every chance to be saved. He carried the message of Dharma to
the Vaanaraas and the Raakshasas, as well as to sages like Jaabaali. He
accepted the homage of Vibheeshana without demur and He announced that He
was prepared to accept even Raavana, if only he repented his iniquity.
"Sathyam vadha" (speak the truth), says the Shruthi; Raama stuck to truth,
in spite of all temptations. "Dharmam chara" (practise virtue), says the
Shruthi. He never deviated from the path. For example, He had, as you
know, to live 14 years in the forest, to fulfil His father's behest. So
during that period, He did not enter an inhabited town or village. He
avoided Kishkindha and Lanka, even when the Coronations of Sugreeva and
Vibheeshana took place. Vibheeshana pleaded with Him very plaintively,
saying that only a few days remained out of the 14 years, but Raama sent
Lakshmana instead. He did not waver or overstep. That was the strictness
with which He kept the vow.
Raama your Aathma Raama
Raama is Dharmaswaruupam (embodiment of
virtue); Krishna is Premaswaruupam (embodiment of love). Raama was ever
aware of the obligations of Dharma. When Dhasharatha, running after His
chariot in mortal anguish, cried out, "Stop, stop" and called on Sumanthra
to stop, Raama told him not to. He said, "If he chides you, tell him you
did not hear him." Sumanthra was in a fix. How could He say something not
true? But, Raama explained, "This order to stop the chariot comes from a
grief-stricken father, whereas the order to take Me to the forest came
from the king, whose minister you are. You should not hear the ravings of
a man who has lost his reason through sorrow; you must listen only to the
commands of the king."
Even before the advent of the Avathaar, the
stage is set to the minutest detail; Kaikeyi is ready with her two
indefinite boons. Dhasharatha is ready with the curse of the ascetic on
his head, entailing upon him a death due to anguish at the separation of
his son, the Vaanaras are ready to help the divine purpose. Seetha is
ready risen from the earth, to provide the cause for the downfall of Evil.
Just as a garland is made of flowers gathered from many plants, flowers of
many hues and fragrances, so too the Garland of the divine story is made
up of a variety of incidents, a boon, a blessing, a curse to provide the
wonderful plot of His story.
There are some who say that Raama shows man
how to suffer! Well, if a king arranges a play in the palace and takes
delight in enacting the role of a beggar, and acts it very realistically,
do you therefore declare that he is suffering the miseries of beggary?
Raama is Aanandha (bliss). Aanandha is Raama. If it is not sweet, how can
it be sugar? If Raama is suffering, He cannot be Raama. A ball of iron
cannot burn the skin; but, make it red-hot; it does. That is but an
assumed role. When the heat subsides it is as cool as ever.
Raama Naama (name) will save you, if you have
at least the Pithru Bhakthi and Maathru Bhakthi (devotion to father and to
mother) that Raama had. If not, Raama Naama is merely a movement of the
lips. Meditate on the Raama swaruupa (form of Raama) and the Raama
swabhaava (the true nature of Raama), when you recite or write Raama
Naama. That will give exercise to the mind and it will be made healthy and
strong, in the spiritual sense. Make this Dharmaswaruupa your Aathmaa
Raama, on this Janmadhina (birthday) of Raama. That is My advice and My
Discourse of Sathya Sai Baba, Rajahmundhry, 1 April 1963
The Ramayana is the
very form of the Vedas that have come down to us from the heavens to
the earth. The Vedas are divided into four parts, viz., Rig Veda, Yajur
Veda, Sama Veda and Atharvana Veda. Lord Rama is the embodiment of Rig
Veda, Lakshmana, the Yajur Veda, Bharata, the Sama Veda and Satrughna, the
Atharvana Veda. The four Vedas became the four sons of Dasaratha and
played at his palace. The Rig Veda and the Yajur Veda consist of Mantras
which are related to Yajnas and Yagas. That is the reason why Sage
Viswamitra took Rama and Lakshmana along with him to safeguard his Yajna.
While Rama was in exile, Bharata left Ayodhya and stayed in a village
called Nandigrama, all the time singing the Divine Name of Rama for 14
long years. It is for this reason that Bharata is described as the
personification of Sama Veda. It was Satrughna who safeguarded the places
of sacred rituals like Yajnas and Yagas from the invasion of evil spirits
and demons. Do not think that the Ramayana is different from the Vedas. In
fact, it is the very essence of the Vedas.
Rama exemplified three kinds of righteous behaviour (Dharma), namely, the
Dharmas relating to 1) the individual 2) the family and 3) society. To
uphold these three-fold Dharma, Divinity manifested in a triangular flow,
in the form of the Trimurtis (the Triune form). The Ramayana manifested to
elaborate the human values. The period of the Mahabharata was well over
5000 years ago and the Ramayana was enacted aeons earlier. Even after the
passage of countless ages, if it is still occupying the hearts of the
people at large, you can well imagine its importance. There are two kinds
of messages dominating Ramayana: One pertains to Rama and the other to
Sathya (Truth) is the very form of man. Dharma (righteousness) is the
innate propensity. Sathya and Dharma are the two eyes of man. These eyes
are the very forms of all the scriptures. Rama's message to humanity is to
uphold Dharma and Sathya, to stay in the path of these and fulfil one's
life. On the other hand, the two principles of Sathya and Dharma are the
very opposites of Ravana's propensities. At the point of death, Ravana
sent the following message to his people, "Oh my people, do not follow my
example. I am the personification of all evil qualities. Falling into
excessive desires, I have lost my progeny. Instead of establishing a good
name for myself, I have destroyed my entire kingdom. Ultimately, I have
ruined myself. Rama achieved universal fame and I have ended up
Rama Navami Discourse 02 April 2002
Rama is the in-dweller in every body. He is the Source of Bliss (Aathma-Rama),
the Rama in every individual. His blessings, upsurging from that inner
spring, can confer peace and bliss. He is the very embodiment of dharma,
of all the codes of morality that hold mankind together in love and unity.
The Ramaayana, the Rama story, teaches two lessons: the value of
detachment and the need to become aware of the Divine in every being.
Faith in God and detachment from objective pursuits are the keys for human
liberation. Give up sense objects, and you gain Rama. Seethaa gave up the
luxuries of Ayodhya so she could be with Rama during His exile. When she
cast longing eyes on the golden deer and craved it, she lost Rama's
presence. Renunciation leads to joy; attachment brings about grief. Be in
the world, but not of it.
Rama's brothers, comrades, companions, and collaborators are all examples
of people saturated with dharma. Dasaratha is the representative of the
merely physical, with the ten senses. The three qualities (gunas)
--serenity, passion, sloth (sathva, rajas, thamas)-- are the three Queens.
The four goals of life (purusharthas) are the four sons. Lakshmana is the
intellect; Sugriva is discrimination (viveka). Vali is despair. Hanuman is
the embodiment of courage. The bridge is built over the ocean of delusion.
The three demon (rakshasa) chiefs Ravana, Kumbhakarna, and Vibhishana are
personifications of the passionate, slothful, and serene (raajasic,thaamasic,
and sathvic) qualities. Seethaa is the awareness of the Universal Absolute
(Brahmajnaana), which the individual must acquire and regain while
undergoing travails in the crucible of life.
Make your heart pure and strong, contemplating the grandeur of the
Ramaayana. Be established in the faith that Rama is the reality of your
Ramakatha Rasavahini (The Sweet Story of Rama's Glory)
The entire Ramaayana is like a game of chess. The
scene, in the Ramaayana, is a kind of battlefield, where the forces of
right and wrong are waging war. Rama represents righteousness and Ravana
represents unrighteousness. The battle between the two is the war fought
on the battlefield.
Ravana taught a great lesson to the world. He exclaimed: "Oh men! Do not
live as I have lived and ruin your lives." What is the root cause of
Ravana's ruin? Unable to conquer his desires, unwilling to get rid of his
impulses, he ruined his entire clan. His sons were killed, his brother and
other kinsmen were killed, and ultimately his country itself was reduced
to ashes. Ravana confessed, "In the end I ruined myself." This was
Ravana's message to his countrymen in his last moments.
Only by suppressing desires does a man manifest his humanness. A man who
is unable to put an end to his desires puts an end to himself.
By his good conduct, a good man achieves greatness. Ravana sought to
achieve greatness but did not strive to lead a good life.
Divine Discourse: 16 April 1997
This day, the birth of Sri Rama is celebrated in all lands. Rama
had deed, word and thought, body, speech and mind, ever pure and totally
free from blemish. Really speaking, one ought to revere the story of Rama
as a profound allegory. Every act and actor in that story attracts
attention and gets imprinted on the memory because the allegory is
personal to each of us.
It is often said that Rama followed dharma at all times. This is not the
correct way of describing him. He did not follow dharma, he was dharma.
What he thought, spoke, and did was dharma and is dharma forever.
Divine Discourse: 18 April 1986
Hanuman, whose heart was filled with love of Rama and Seethaa
Devotees should install Rama in their hearts and celebrate Ramanavami in
order to achieve Aathmic bliss. Going through the Ramaayana epic, they
should reach the state of oneness with the universal spirit (Aathma Rama).
In such a state, there is no ego sense (ahamkara).
Divine Discourse: 7 April 1987
From time immemorial, every individual in Bharat (India) has regarded Sri
Rama's life as an ideal and has sought to sanctify every moment of his
life by living up to it. Sri Rama incarnated as a human being to promote
peace and happiness in the world. "Rama is the very embodiment of
righteousness (Ramo Vigrahavaan Dharmah)." It was as if righteousness
itself had incarnated on earth. Dharma and Rama are inseparable.
word Rama has the triple power of destroying sins, conferring
peace, and dispelling ignorance. When you utter the word "Ram", you first
open the mouth with the sound "Ra". All your sins go out when your mouth
is open. When you utter "M" by closing the mouth, the entry is barred
against the sins that have gone out. Everyone should recognize the
sweetness, sacredness, and divinity enshrined in the name Rama. It is good
to utter the name Rama with full understanding of all that it signifies.
But even without that understanding the chanting of the name has the power
to destroy all sins.
We must learn to chant the sweet name of Rama with a pure, unsullied
heart, in a spirit of selfless devotion. Men should learn to speak sweetly
and pleasingly. Sweet speech confers peace. It is the means to
self-realization. Sri Rama loves to dwell in the heart of the man who
speaks sweetly. Wholehearted chanting of the name of Rama even once can
destroy mountains of sins. But the chanting should not be done
mechanically, like a gramophone record. It should emanate from the depths
of the heart. You must seek to redeem your lives, by living up to Rama's
ideals and proclaiming them to the world. Remember the name of Rama with
love. God can be realized only through love and by no other means.
Divine Discourse: 14 April 1989
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